Lesson Note on Agricultural Science JSS1 First Term

 First Term Scheme of Work for JSS1 Agricultural Science

 Week 1 – Meaning of Agriculture

Week 2 – Forms of Agriculture

Week 3 – Types of Agriculture

Week 4 – Branches of Agriculture

Week 5 – Crop plant form

Week 6 – Crop plant form II

Week 7 – Crop plant form (Monocotyledon and dicotyledon)

Week 8 – Construction of vegetable beds

Week 9 – Importance of keeping farm animals 

 

JSS1 First Term Agricultural Science Lesson Note 

Below are the 2022 Complete JSS1 First Term Agricultural Science Lesson Note

 Week 1 – Meaning of Agriculture

Overview – The word agriculture was derived from two Latin words which are ‘agar’ and ‘culture’ meaning ‘land’ and ‘cultivation’. Agriculture means all the activities involved the in rearing of animals athe nd cultivation of crops for man’s and the nation’s benefits. It is as old as man. The early men lived by gathering wild fruit and hunting wild animals because they are wanderers. The different branches of Agriculture include fishery, apiculture, forestry, and so on. Agriculture is important for various reasons but the major ones are food, clothing and shelter. This week, we shall be introduced to the topic of Agriculture – branches, historical development and its importance. To learn more, Click here

Week 2 – Forms Of Agriculture

Overview – Agriculture is defined as the cultivation of the land to produce crops and the rearing of animals for man’s use. Agriculture has many branches. Crop farming is a branch of agriculture that involves the cultivation of land for the production of useful crops for the benefit of man. This week, we shall learn about the forms of Agriculture. To learn more, Click here…

Week 3 – Types of Agriculture

Overview – There are two major types of Agriculture – subsistence and commercial Agriculture. Subsistence agriculture is when a farmer lives on a small amount of land and produces enough food to feed his or her household and have a small cash crop. Commercial or Industrialized Agriculture occurs when a farm is set up for the sole purpose of producing crops and farm animals for sale, with the sole intention of making a profit. This week, we shall learn about the types of Agriculture and their differences. To learn more, Click here

Week 4 – Branches of Agriculture

Overview – Having being introduced to what Agriculture is about, this week, we shall learn about the many branches of Agriculture. We shall learn about branches such as animal science, veterinary medicine, wildlife conservation, fishery, etc.  To learn more, Click here

Week 5 – Crop Plant Form

Overview – Your basic vascular plant parts are roots, shoots, stems, and leaves. Each part has distinct functions. Together, these parts reflect how vascular plants evolved to inhabit two distinct environments at the same time: the soil and the air. Roots are branched, underground structures that serve two major functions. Shoot system is above ground and includes organs such as leaves, buds, stems, flowers, and fruits. Stems are sturdy structures that grow in order to give a plant a fighting chance to spread its leaves in the sun. Leaves are the original solar panels, capturing energy from sunlight in a biochemical process called photosynthesis. This week, we shall learn about the crop form – the basic vascular plant parts (roots, shoots, stems and leaves). To learn more, Click here

Week 6 – Crop Plant Form II

Overview – Pollination is the process by which pollen is transferred from the anther (male part) to the stigma (female part) of the plant, thereby enabling fertilization and reproduction. Pollination begins the production of seeds. This week, we shall learn about pollination. We shall also learn about the fertilizer – substances added to the soil to enhance plant growth. To learn more, Click here

Week 7 – Crop Plant Form (Monocotyledon and Dicotyledon)

Overview – Cotyledon means natural leaf borne of a seed of a plant, it is also known as seed leaf. Monocotyledons also are known as monocots are plants with only one cotyledon or seed leaf. Dicotyledons are one of the two groups into which all the flowering plants or angiosperms were formerly divided. This week, we shall learn about the monocotyledons and the dicotyledons and the difference that exist between them. To learn more, Click here

Week 8 – Construction of Vegetable Beds

Overview – A nursery is a place where seedling are intensively raised and taken care of before they are transplanted to the main field. It acts as a temporary home for young plants until they are eventually planted in a permanent garden. Crops that can be raised in a nursery include pepper, rose, cocoa, etc. Constructing a nursery requires planning, site selection, preparing the containers for seedlings and soil collection, watering, thinning and many more practices. This week, we shall learn about the construction of a nursery. To learn more, Click here

Week 9 – Importance of Keeping Farm Animals 

 

Overview – Agriculture involves the rearing of animals. Thus, the importance of farm animals cannot be overemphasized. This week, we shall learn about the importance of keeping farm animals. To learn more, Click here