civic education lesson note

civic education lesson note

Civic education is the study of the rights and obligations of citizens in society.

Lesson Note for Third Term JSS3

Week 1: Election

Week 2: Importance of Election

Week 3: Electoral Bodies

Week 4: Free and Fair Elections

Week 5: Electoral Malpractices in Nigeria

Week 6: Ways of Preventing Electoral Malpractices in Nigeria

civic education lesson note for jss3

civic education lesson note for jss three

 

lesson note on civic education for jss3

Below are the 2022 civic education lesson notes for jss3 third term

 Week 1

Topic: Election

Meaning of Election

In a community, everybody cannot lead. So there must be representatives who will give directives for others to follow. This has given rise to nominations and the election of representatives that will direct the affairs of a particular community.

An election is simply defined as the process by which people are voted into power. It is the way of voting people to occupy political offices in order to serve the community or society for a particular period of time. An election is defined as the act of choosing candidates to represent the people of a given country in the parliament, the executive, and possibly into other areas of government as stipulated in the constitution of that country. For example in the U.S.A, judges of the lower courts are elected.

An election is a process by which people select or elect a candidate for an official position. It is usually carried out in a democratic system of government. An election is done through voting. Elections are conducted at definite intervals as spelled out in the constitution of the nation.

Voting is a method for a group, such as a meeting or an electorate to make a decision or express an opinion, usually following discussions, debates or election campaigns. Residents of a place represented by an elected official are called “constituents”, and those constituents who cast a ballot for their chosen candidate are called “voters”. To learn more, click here

third term civic education lesson note

Week 2

Topic: Importance of Election

Purpose of Election

  1. There is change in government which makes it easier for the people to remove a bad government.
  2. It gives elected representatives the legitimate right to rule.
  3. The people have the free choice of choosing leaders.
  4. It ensures control and accountability.
  5. It fosters democracy.
  6. Electorates are educated about their rights.
  7. Election enhances equality of citizens’ votes.

 

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Week 3

Topic: Electoral Bodies

Elections are not just conducted by the people on the street. The constitution has provided for how elections should be conducted. It spells out specifically that there shall be electoral bodies. In Nigeria, there is an electoral body which conducts elections and supervises all electioneering process. The body is called Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC). The body conducts elections into federal and state electoral constituencies. At the state level, usually for the conduct of local government elections, the State Independent Electoral Commission (SIEC) is in charge.  To learn more, click here

 Week 4

Topic: Free and Fair Elections

The Need for Free and Fair Election

It is very important to have free and fair elections if the nation must progress. An election could be regarded as free and fair if the following things happen:

  1. Free Opportunities to Register as a Voter: A situation where some politicians sit in a place and start to collate fictitious names with the intention of keeping cards to rig elections is not free and fair.
  2. Free Opportunities to Contest in Election: When there is a level playing ground for politicians to contest elections, and candidates are not imposed by a godfather or godmother or because a candidate is wealthy. There is a need for the best candidate to emerge.
  3. Placing Less Emphasis on Money: Some politicians believe in the highest bidder takes the lead. The highest bidder is the one who provides the highest amount of money which are given to godfathers and mothers and is then given the party’s mandate to contest election even without passing through primary elections.

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 Week 5

Topic: Electoral Malpractices in Nigeria

Electoral Malpractice

Malpractice is the act of failing to do professional duty properly or making a mistake while doing it. E.g. a policeman failing to arrest and prosecute criminals has failed in his responsibilities and this is malpractice.

Electoral malpractice is the failing of all electoral institutions or bodies to carry out elections in the proper or professional ways it is supposed to be done. It is any act that hinders a free and fair election. i.e., it is any act of lawlessness that could stop or discourage people to cast their vote freely and sincerely. To learn more, click here

third term jss2 civic education lesson note  

Week 6

Topic: Ways of Preventing Electoral Malpractices in Nigeria

Consequences of Electoral Malpractice

  1. Unpopular people will become leaders
  2. They will use their thuggery and intimidation lifestyle on people
  3. Hooligans who brought them to power would be the people they appoint in charge of things
  4. Tribal and ethnic sentiments would be used in selecting and executing government projects
  5. Money meant for projects will be diverted and embezzled
  6. Those in power will do all to eliminate their opposition
  7. The level of illiteracy and poverty will continue

 

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