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2022 Civic Education Lesson Note For Third Term JSS2

civic education lesson note

civic education lesson note

Civic education is the study of the rights and obligations of citizens in society.

Lesson Note For Third Term JSS2

Week 1 Revision

Week 2 & 3: Election and Voter’s Responsibilities

Week 4 & 5: Election Voters and Responsibilities (II)

Week 6: Electoral Malpractice

Week 7 & 8: Electoral Malpractice (II)

Week 9: Solution to electoral malpractices

Week 10Topic: Procedure for voting

11 Revision and Examination


lesson note on civic education for jss2


Below are the 2022 civic education lesson notes for jss2 third term 


Week 1 

Revision Of Last Term Work

Week 2 & 3

Topic: Election and Voter’s Responsibilities I


In a community, everybody cannot lead. So there must be representatives who will give directives for others to follow. This has given rise to nominations and election of representatives that will direct the affairs of a particular community.

An election is simply defined as the process by which people are voted into power. It is the way of voting people to occupy political offices in order to serve the community or society for a particular period of time.

An election is the process by which people select or elect a candidate for an official position. It is usually carried out in a democratic system of government. An election is done through voting. Elections are conducted at definite intervals as spelt out in the constitution of the nation.

Voting is a method for a group, such as a meeting or an electorate to make a decision or express an opinion, usually following discussions, debates or election campaigns. Residents of a place represented by an elected official are called “constituents”, and those constituents who cast a ballot for their chosen candidate are called “voters”. To learn more: Click here


Week 4 & 5

Topic: Election Voters and Responsibilities (II)

Importance of Election

Election is important for the following reasons

  1. To vote the candidate of choice into power
  2. To have a change of government
  3. To make people participate in governance through their vote
  4. To make people perform their political and civic right
  5. To have a change of policy
  6. To unseat the government that is not performing well

Responsibilities of Voters

Every voter that wants the truth to prevail and wants good leadership must be ready to stand against all odds. Some responsibilities of a voters are

  1. Be a vigilant and enlightened citizen. Know what goes on around you
  2. Reject corrupt political parties and electoral officers
  3. Reject all forms of gratifications before voting for a candidate
  4. Cast your vote only for the sincere and disciplined candidates


To learn more: Click here


Week 6

Topic: Electoral Malpractice

Electoral Malpractice

Malpractice is the act of failing to do professional duty properly or making a mistake while doing it. E.g a policeman failing to arrest and prosecute criminals has failed in his responsibilities and this is malpractice.

Electoral malpractice is the failing of all electoral institutions or bodies to carry out elections in the proper or professional ways it is supposed to be done. It is any act that hinders a free and fair elections. i.e. it is an act of lawlessness that could stop or discourage people to cast their vote freely and sincerely.

Forms of Electoral Malpractices

Electoral malpractices can come in various forms which are:

  1. Through under-age voting – People indulge in this by allowing those who are not adults to vote, those who are below the age of 18.
  2. Multiple registrations of voters by a single individual.
  3. Stealing of electoral materials like ballot boxes, ballot papers, voters registers etc.

 To learn more: Click here

Week 7 & 8

Topic: Electoral Malpractice (II)

Causes of Electoral Malpractice

  1. Tribal sentiment – Many tribes want a leader from their ethnic group to rule the nation rather than vote for good and trustworthy leaders
  2. Foreign influence – Other countries want to support those who would favour them when in Government.
  3. Politics as a means of getting rich – Many people who were paupers become rich through politics. They embezzle money and do what they like hence the reason many contestants involve in malpractice just to win the election
  4. Illiteracy and Poverty – Many people are illiterates and are poor so they are easily manipulated
  5. Quest to continue in power – Some leaders who have tasted power want to continue to serve and do not want to leave the position of power.


To learn more: Click here

 Week 9

Topic: Solution to electoral malpractices

The following solutions can bring an end to all the negativities caused by electoral malpractices in our country and also fix our electoral system which is now producing sour instead of sweet grapes:

If our country is going to become what we want it to be, then our political system which is the industry responsible for recruiting into and retrenching out of our leadership sector must become an epitome of sanctified patriotism.

The first and the most important is for this country to call a national reconciliation and reconstruction conference like what happened in the books of Ezra and Nehemiah. This will involve the acceptance and recognition of all tribes, language, ethnic nationalities, religions, communities, cultures and traditions. This step will help in giving a sense of belonging to all and sundry and pave a way for a really peaceful co-existence of Nigerians. This peace will give people the assurance of free and fair elections, fair hearing and equality before the law, which will gradually role away all forms  of electoral malpractice in our nation. Once this has been done, other issues can now be addressed.

The issue of corruption, (looking at bribery, money laundering, diversion and misappropriation) can be solved in Nigeria if, the government is ready to make the Naira more valuable. But we have been hit by the falling oil prices which has led to the devaluation of the Naira by CBN and austerity measures put in place by the economic team.  To learn more: Click here



Week 10

Topic: Procedure for voting

Introduction: This is designed to help you understand the Voting Procedures during an election. Remember that you are qualified to vote if you are a registered voter and you name appears on the register of voters at your polling unit. You must also present yourself at the polling unit.

Opening of the Polling Units

On each election day, polling units will open for Accreditation and Voting from 8:00am to 2.00pm. However voters already on the queue before the close of poll at 2.00pm  will be accredited and allowed to vote.

Voting Procedure

Voting at the polling unit will be as follows:

Step 1:Upon arrival at the polling unit, join the queue.

Step 2:The Polling Official will request for your Permanent Voter’s Card (PVC) and check if the photograph on the PVC matches your face. Then he/she will check if your name is on the register for that polling unit.  He/she will also use the card reader to confirm the status of the PVC. After this, he/she will check your fingers to ascertain that you have not voted before.

To learn more: Click here

Week 11


Revision and Examination

civic education lesson note for jss2

civic education lesson note for jss two

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