English Language Lesson Note For JSS2 (Third Term) 

 

Scheme Of Work

Week One: {Speech Work: Revision of Stress and Intonation, Grammar: The use of Conjunctions: Although and Whereas, Composition: A review of formal letter and informal letter And Literature: Review of literacy terms and figures of speech}

Week Two: {Speech Work: Consonants /t/ and /d/ at the initial, middle and final position of words, Using In spite and Despite with adequate examples And Literature: Themes in myths and legends}

Week Three: {Speech Work: Consonant Sounds /ʧ/ and /ʃ/, Grammar: The use of Have, Has and Had, Composition: Pride goes before a fall And Literature: Honesty and Fair play}

Week Four: {Speech Work: Consonant Sounds /Ө/ and /ժ/, Grammar: Synonyms, Vocabulary Development: Words associated with human rights, Composition: The responsibilities of the Government and Literature: Poem on Laziness}

 Week Five: {Speech Work: Consonant Sounds /w/ and /j/, Grammar: Antonyms, Vocabulary Development: Words associated with Conflict Resolution and Composition: A memorable journey I once made}

 Week Six: {Speech Work: Contrasting Vowels: /Ʊ/ and /u:/, Grammar: The use of causative verbs, Vocabulary Development: Words associated with Religion and Composition: Writing a dialogue}

 Week Seven: {Speech Work: Contrasting Vowels: /Ͻ:/ and /Ʌ/, Grammar: Adverbs of Place and Composition: The day I would not like to remember}

 Week Eight: {Speech Work: Consonant and Vowel sounds differentiated, Grammar: Review of prefix and suffix And Composition: The Rich also cry}

 Week Nine: {Speech Work: Review on Consonant Sounds /Ө/ and /ժ/, Grammar: More on Question Tags, Reading and Comprehension: Review on Language Skill and Composition: Review of the components of letter writing and essay writing}

 lesson note on English language for jss2

Below are the  Lesson note for English Language JSS 2 Third Term

Week 1

Topic

{Speech Work: Revision of Stress and Intonation, Grammar: The use of Conjunctions: Although and Whereas, Composition: A review of a formal letter and informal letter And Literature: Review of literacy terms and figures of speech }

 INTRODUCTION:

Conjunctions are words used to join or link words, phrases or clauses together. They are very helpful in writing, as they help to create long and complex sentences, and avoid the boredom of multiple short sentences.

There are different types of conjunctions, and they include Coordinating conjunction, Correlative conjunction and Subordinating conjunction.

To learn more, click here

 

Week 2

{Speech Work: Consonants /t/ and /d/ at the initial, middle and final position of words, Using Inspite and Despite with adequate examples And Literature: Themes in myths and legends }

INTRODUCTION:

The /t/ and /d/ sounds are pairs of voiceless and voiced sounds respectively, and they also have the same place and manner of articulation, as alveolar and plosive, respectively.

When they are pronounced, the tip of the tongue goes up to the roof of the mouth, the upper and lower teeth meet, and are parted as the sounds are produced. The only difference is that while sound /t/ is voiceless, sound /d/ is voiced. To learn more, click here

Week 3

{Speech Work: Consonant Sounds /ʧ/ and /ʃ/, Grammar: The use of Have, Has and Had, Composition: Pride goes before a fall And Literature: Honesty and Fair play}

INTRODUCTION

The /ʧ/ and /ʃ/ sounds are both palatal sounds and they shall be described below.

The /ʧ/ sound is known as the voiceless affricate palatal sound. It is produced with a complete blockage of the airstream coming from the mouth, which is later released as the sound is pronounced.

During the course of pronunciation, the tongue is spread over the hard palate and the alveolar ridge, it is a voiceless sound, with no vibration in the vocal cords.

Examples of words with the /ʧ/ sound are chair, chief, charity, etc.

The /ʧ/ sound appears in words in form of letters ch

  • ch- Teacher, Choose, Chaste, Challenge, Champion, etc.

 

To learn more, click here

 

 

lesson note on English language for jss2

 

WEEK FOUR

{Speech Work: Consonant Sounds /Ө/ and /ժ/, Grammar: Synonyms, Vocabulary Development: Words associated with human right, Composition: The responsibilities of the Government And Literature: Poem on Laziness}

INTRODUCTION:

The /Ө/ and /ð/ sounds are pairs of sounds, with the same place and manner of articulation. The only difference is that while sound /Ө/ is voiceless, sound /ð/ is a voiced sound.

//: This is a dental fricative sound, which is produced with the tip of the tongue in front of the front teeth, and the tongue placed against the roof of the mouth. It is also a voiceless sound, as the vocal cords do not vibrate when pronouncing it.

The // sound can appear in any position in words, whether, initial, middle or final position.

Pronounce the following words, with the // sound: thing, faithful, breath.

The // sound appears in different words, in form of the following letters:

  • th- think, deaththank, noth

 

/ð/: This is also a dental fricative sound, and it is pronounced the same way the /Ө/ sound is pronounced. The only difference is in their voicing, as /ϴ/ is voiceless, while sound /ð/ is voiced.

The /ð/ sound can also appear in any position in words, whether initial, middle or final position.

To learn more, click here

 

WEEK FIVE:

{Speech Work: Consonant Sounds /w/ and /j/, Grammar: Antonyms, Vocabulary Development: Words associated with Conflict Resolution and Composition: A memorable journey I once made}

INTRODUCTION:                   

The /j/ and /w/ sounds are both approximants/glides. They shall be described as follows:

The /j/ sound is produced by raising the middle part of the tongue towards the hard palate, then this forms a narrow space in the mouth, from which air is released when it is pronounced.

It is an approximant, which has its place of articulation as palatal. It is also a voiced sound as the vocal cords vibrate when it is pronounced.  

Examples of words with the /j/ sound include yam, yoghurt, eulogy, ewe, etc.

The /j/ sound appears in different words, in form of the following letters:

  • y – yatch, yes, you, yeast, youth
  • u – use, university, universal, music, huge
  • e – europe, euphemism, eucharist,
  • ea – beauty
  • ew – few, stew, mew  To learn more, click here

WEEK SIX

{Speech Work: Contrasting Vowels: /Ʊ/ and /u:/, Grammar: The use of causative verbs, Vocabulary Development: Words associated with Religion And Composition: Writing a dialogue}

INTRODUCTION:

The /Ʊ/ and /u:/ sounds are vowel sounds, and they are a pair of short and long vowels. They would both be described and contrasted from each other.

/Ʊ/: The /Ʊ/ sound is a short vowel sound that is produced with the lips in a round shape. It is known as the close back rounded sound and its long-form is the vowel sound /u:/.

Examples of words with the /Ʊ/ sound are: book, put, could, wolf, etc.

The /Ʊ/ sound appears in different words, in form of the following letters, such as:

  • oo- cook, wool, shook
  • u- bull, sugar
  • ou- could, would
  • o- woman

/u:/: The /u:/ sound is a long vowel sound that is also produced with the lips in a round shape, while the tongue is raised high; at the back of the mouth. It is differentiated from the /Ʊ/ sound because it is long, while /Ʊ/ is a short sound.

Examples of words with the /u:/ sound are: who, two, value, etc To learn more, click here

 

lesson note on English language for jss2

 

WEEK SEVEN

{Speech Work: Contrasting Vowels: /Ͻ:/ and /Ʌ/, Grammar: Adverbs of Place And Composition: The day I would not like to remember}

INTRODUCTION:

The /:/ and /ʌ/ sounds are vowel sounds, which are long and short respectively.

The /:/ sound is a long vowel sound. It is a back-rounded vowel sound, and when it is pronounced, the tongue is lowered and the lips are rounded. It is the long form of the vowel sound /ɒ/.

Examples of words with the /:/ sound are a false, short, flaw, abroad, etc.

The sound /:/ appears in different words, in form of the following letters:

  • a- false, altogether, salt, clause
  • or- shortly, lord, north, form
  • aw- law, saw, flaw
  • au- caution, auction, cause

The /Ʌ/ sound is a short vowel sound, and it is known as a mid-central unrounded sound. It is produced by raising the middle of the tongue, and like every other vowel sound, it is voiced and the air passes through the mouth when it is pronounced.

Examples of words with the /ʌ/ sound are hut, rut, but.

The /Ʌ/ sound appears in words in form of the letter u

  • u- gut, jug, nut, dutch To learn more, click here

 

 WEEK EIGHT

{Speech Work: Consonant and Vowel sounds differentiated, Grammar: Review of prefix and suffix And Composition: The Rich also cry }

INTRODUCTION:

Every language in the world has sounds, that are used when speaking, and the English language also has these sounds. And it is divided into consonant and vowel sounds.

Consonant sounds are sounds that are produced with partial or total obstruction to the airstream. There are 24 consonant sounds in the English Language, and they are grouped into three categories, based on their place of articulation, manner of articulation and voicing.

The English Consonant Sounds include:

Voiceless Consonant Sounds:  /p/, /t/, /k/, /f/, //, /s/, /ʃ/, /ʧ/

Voiced Consonant Sounds: /b/, /d/, /g/, /v/, /ժ/, /z/, /ʒ/, /ʤ/, /m/, /n/, /Ƞ/, /l/, /r/, /h/, /w/. /j/

 

  • Place of Articulation: This refers to the point in contact, in which obstruction occurs in the vocal tract, during the process of pronouncing a consonant sound. This also refers to the location or place, where the organs of speech are placed during pronunciation. To learn more, click here

 

WEEK NINE

{Speech Work: Review on Consonant Sounds /Ө/ and /ժ/, Grammar: More on Question Tags, Reading and Comprehension: Review on Language Skill And Composition: Review of the components of letter writing and essay writing}

INTRODUCTION:

The /ϴ/ and // sounds are dental consonant sounds, and they shall be discussed in detail below.

The /ϴ/ sound is a dental fricative consonant sound. It has its place of articulation as dental, and its manner of articulation as a fricative. It is also a voiceless sound because the vocal cords do not vibrate when it is pronounced.

When the /ϴ/ sound is pronounced, the tip of the tongue is placed between the teeth, and air passes through the mouth, bypassing the tongue.

Examples of words with the /ϴ/ sound include faith, death, three, thrust, etc.

The /ϴ/ sound appears in different words, in form of the following letters:

  • th- growth, mouththrifty, through, anyth

 

lesson note on English language for jss2

 

The // sound is also a dental fricative consonant sound. It has its place and manner of articulation as dental and fricative, respectively.

It is pronounced the same way the /ϴ/ sound is pronounced, and the only difference is that, while the /ϴ/ sound is voiceless, the // sound is voiced.

Examples of words with the // sound include: worthy, the, them, feather, etc.

To learn more, click here