Physical Health Education Lesson Note JSS 2 Third Term

 

PHE Scheme of Work for JSS2 Third Term 

Week 1 & 2

TopicNon-Communicable Diseases and their Prevention

Week 3 

Topic: Posture 

Week 4 & 5

Topic: Postural Defects and Causes

Week 6

Topic:  Sport and the Society

Week 7

TopicIssues and Challenges in Physical Health Education

 

Week 8

TopicHuman Trafficking

 Week 9

Topic: Health Implications of Human Trafficking on Victims

Week 10

Topic: Sport Laws

 

 

Physical and health education jss 2 third term lesson notes

Below are the 2022 complete physical health education lesson notes for jss 2 third term

 

Week 1 & 2

TopicNon-Communicable Diseases and their Prevention

Non-communicable Diseases

Non-communicable diseases are disease are diseases that cannot be transmitted from one person to another. They have many causes but never caused by germs, bacteria, or other living organisms that attack the body.

They are caused by

  • By atomic fall-out
  • By chemical fall-out

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Week 3 

Topic: Posture 

Posture

Posture simply means the way a person holds the body while sitting or standing. It is a term used to describe a body position or the arrangements of body parts relative to one another. Ideal postures are those assumed to perform an activity in the most efficient manner utilizing the least amount of energy.

Posture can also be defined as the bearing of the body at any time, in any direction easily and without strains and with minimum muscular effort. In other words, good posture is a habitual carriage of the body in the most effective position. Furthermore, posture can be explained as the position the body assumes during the performance of any activity eg. Walking, running, dancing, jumping, standing or sitting.

Types of Posture

The posture is basically divided into two types:

  • Inactive 
  • Active 

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physical and health education jss 2 third term lesson notes

 Week 4 & 5

Topic: Postural Defects and Causes

Introduction

The abnormal way of holding or carrying the body during the performance of various activities due to deviation from the normal axis of the bones, joint stiffening, loss of muscle tone, and disc degeneration leads to postural defects.

Aiding factors of Postural defects

  1. Heredity: Some postural defects can be inherited from the father or mother.
  2. Muscular weakness: When muscles are weak or the tone is lost, the body may become slouched.
  3. Occupation or bad habit: An occupation that demands sitting always without exercise may cause the body to bend.
  4. Injury, diseases and infection: Some injuries and diseases such as tuberculosis can lead to defect in posture.
  5. Defective sense organ: Organs like the eye, the ear etc.  This may cause the person to bend forward.
  6. Rapid growth: Some growth may be so rapid that the bones become too tiny and curved due to the body weight
  7. Overweight:  When one is obese the weight may result in flat foot.

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 Week 6

Topic:  Sport and the Society

Introduction

Sport has been identified as part of society in the sense that it provides opportunity for interaction with many social institutions. Sport plays a very vital role in the society. Sport has become a major part of modern society with influence being felt in all areas of life to the extent that it has become a cohesive force and a symbol of national unity. Most governments in the world seek legitimacy through sport, this account for the reason why extensive support is given to sports by many governments.

What is Society?

Society can be defined as a group of people living in an organized community, and an individual is interacting or communicating with others in the community.

Functions of Sports in the Society

The functions of sports can be traced to the early times. The Early men utilized sports as means of gaining the desired victory over foreseen and unforeseen and foreseen mysteries as well as promoting fertility in crops, cattle, or physical fitness and entertainment.

The benefits of sports to society according to unified (1986) are numerous they including the following among others.

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physical and health education jss 2 third term lesson notes

Week 7

TopicIssues and Challenges in Physical Health Education

  • Gambling – This is the practice of playing games of chance or betting in the hope of winning money. Gambling is one of the most insidious of human vices, as it presents the illusion of easy money yet can quickly lead to financial ruin. The odds are never in your favor whether it is poker, blackjack or anything else; gambling is a successful industry because the house always wins. Read on to find out about the symptoms, causes and effects of gambling addiction.
  • Drug abuse – Drug addiction is a chronic, often relapsing brain disease that causes compulsive drug seeking and use, despite harmful consequences to the drug addict and those around them. Drug addiction is a brain disease because the abuse of drugs leads to changes in the structure and function of the brain. Although it is true that for most people the initial decision to take drugs is voluntary, over time the changes in the brain caused by repeated drug abuse can impair a person’s self-control and ability to make sound decisions, and at the same time create an intense impulse to take drugs.

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 Week 8

TopicHuman Trafficking

Introduction

Human trafficking is the recruitment, transportation, harbouring, or receipt of people for the purpose of slavery, forced labour and servitude.

Human trafficking can be defined as the act of recruiting, transporting, or receiving a person through force, coercion or through other means for the purpose of exploiting them.

Human trafficking is the trade of humans, most commonly for the purpose of sexual slavery, forced labor or commercial sexual exploitation for the traffickers.

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physical and health education jss 2 third term lesson notes

Week 9

Topic: Health Implications of Human Trafficking on Victims

What is Human Trafficking?

Trafficking in human beings is a gross violation of human rights, a modern-day form of slavery and an extremely profitable business for organized crime. ‘Trafficking in persons’ is defined as: ‘the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons, by means of threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation. Exploitation shall include, at a minimum, the exploitation of the prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labour or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude or the removal of organs.’ To learn more: Click here

Week 10

Topic: Sport Laws

Introduction

Physical education has a lot of professional hazards, so it can be regarded as one of the riskiest professions. Physical educators should be knowledgeable about many liability cases that have to do with sports organization e.g. negligence, tort, misfeasance, etc. Physical educators should be aware of what should be done to avoid legal liability.

Sports Law encompasses a multitude of areas of law brought together in unique ways. Issues such as antitrust, contracts, and torts are quite common. For further information in these areas see:

  • Antitrust
  • Contracts
  • Tort

Sports Law can be roughly divided into the areas of amateur, professional, and international sports. The distinction between a professional and amateur athlete is somewhat tenuous. So-called “amateur” students/athletes at universities often receive scholarships and other forms of compensation. Also, keep in mind that even though an athlete may be defined as an amateur by one organization, he or she may not be an amateur according to another. Of course, this leads to even more confusion. A simplistic, yet useful definition is that amateur athlete participate in sports as an avocation while professional athletes are involved in sports as a vocation.

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