Topic: Protection of Rule of Law

Contents –    Meaning of Rule of Law

                   Principle of the Rule of Law

Rule of law is the law that states that the law is supreme over all the citizens and even those in governments, must be subject to and protected by the law.

Rule of law is the absolute supremacy of the law over everyone in a country. The law of the land supersedes all her citizens. It is the people cognizance of law and living below it.

Principles of the rule of law.

  1. Equality before the law: This principle state that no one is above the law and the law has no respect for any person rather people should respect it. Occupation or position of authority does not make one different from another in the face of the law.
  2. Impartiality: This principle states that the law is not partial. The law applies the same level of punishment for offenders no matter the person’s status. No one is guilty of an offence unless such individual has been tried in the law court and pronounced guilty.
  3. Supremacy: This states that the law is supreme over anybody no matter who you are.
  4. Fundamental human right: This principle states that the citizens of the country should enjoy certain basic right and liberties under the law.

   Test and Exercise

  1. Under the rule of law, people must not pay cognizance to it and must not live below it. True/ false. ans (false)
  2. The principle that states that the ‘law has no respect for anybody’ is the principle of (a) impartiality (b) supremacy (c) equality (d) fundamental human right. ans (c)
  3. All of these are principles of the rule of law except (a) maturity (b) equality (c) impartiality (d) fundamental human right. ans(a)
  4. The principle that states that ‘the citizens of a country should enjoy certain basic right’ is the principle of (a) impartiality (b) fundamental human right (c) equality (d) supremacy. ans (b)
  5. The presidents must also subject to the rule of law. True / false. ans (true)