JSS 1 Civic Education First Term week 5
Content- Meaning of Citizenship
Meaning of Citizen
Types of Citizenship
Process of becoming citizen of a country
Citizenship can be defined as the process by which a person becomes a legitimate member of a given state.
The person possesses every right in the state and also performs his/her duties as a legitimate member of the state.
Citizenship is a relationship between an individual and its state or nation involving the individual’s full political membership in the state as well as permanent allegiance to it.
A citizen is a legal member of a particular country, who possesses full right to claim a state as his own.
Types of Citizenship
- Citizenship by birth: This is the type of citizen that occurs when a person is born in a particular place.
- Citizenship by registration: This is the type of citizenship given to a person who marries someone in a particular country because marriage entails registration.
- Citizenship by Naturalization: This occurs when a person resides in a particular place for a long period of time.
Process of Becoming Citizen of a Country
- By marriage: An individual who marries outside his or her domain can acquire the citizenship of the place he/she married to.
- By good character: A person can become a citizen by his/her good disposition or character
- Statutory age: A person must have attained a particular age before becoming a citizen, the statutory age depends on the country.
- One’s contribution to the country: The usefulness or the extent of a person’s contribution to a country can facilitate his or her status as a citizen.
- One’s readiness to stay in a country
- Residency i.e. the person must have stayed in the country for a particular number of years.
Test and Exercise
- The process by which a person becomes a legitimate member of a state is (a) citizen (b) association (c) citizenship (d) human right. ans (c)
- The type of citizen that occurs when a person is born in a particular place is called (a) citizenship by registration (b) citizenship by birth (c) citizenship by naturalization (d) citizenship by friendship. ans (b)
- All of these are types of citizenship except (a) By birth (b) by registration (c) by naturalization (d) by cooperation. ans (d)
- A person can become a citizen by (a) good character (b) readiness to stay in the country (c) residency (d) disobedience. ans (d)
- A citizen must work towards the development of his/her state. true/false. ans (true)