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Classwork Series and Exercises {English Language – SS1}: Auxiliary Verbs (Will & Would) and Intonation

English Language SS1 Second Term

Week 6

Contents:

  • Auxiliary Verbs: Will and Would
  • Intonation
  • Writing Skills

A. AUXILIARY VERBS: WILL AND WOULD

Helping verbs or Auxiliary verbs such as will, shall, may, might,  would, need are used in conjunction with main verbs to express shades of time and mood. The combination of helping verbs with main verbs creates what are called verb phrases or verb strings

Will

Used to express desire, preference, choice, or consent:

  • I will take this apple if he doesn’t want it.
  • Will you stop talking like that?

Used to express the future:

  • He will submit his classwork tomorrow.
  • The news will spread soon.

Used to express capacity or capability:

  • This place will hold three oranges.
  • This airplane will take 200 passengers.

Used to express determination, insistence, or persistence:

  • I will do exactly as you say.

Would (past form of will)

Often used in auxiliary functions with rather to express preference:

  • I would rather go to the cinema today.
  • We’d rather say something than stay quiet.

Used to express a wish or desire:

  • I would like to have one more glass of juice

Used to express contingency or possibility:

  • If I were you, I would be so happy.

Used to express routine or habitual things:

  • Normally, we would work until 4 p.m. but today is a public holiday

B. INTONATION

Intonation is the way the pitch or the level of the voice goes up and down when we speak for proper pronunciation of English words, appropriate intonation must be given to speech.

Intonation gives the music of the speech and helps to convey the attitudinal meaning

TYPES OF INTONATION

  1. Falling tune
  2. Rising rune

Failing tune

Falling intonation is used for asking and giving information in normal, quiet, unemphatic style. At the same time, falling intonations convey certain emotions, such as completion, finality, confidence. Falling intonation sounds more categorical, confident and convincing than rising intonation.

Examples:

  1. She brought some moin-moin from a road side – HAWKER
  2. She BOUGHT some moin-moin from the hawker
  3. She bought some MOIN-MOIN
  4. Every evening I watch TELEVISION

C. WRITING SKILLS

Writing a report based on a graph

Many important decisions are taken based on statistical data. Records containing such data must be consulted before decisions are taken. That is why the school keeps records of your performance and behavior and why businesses keep records of capital investment, expenditure, profits, bad debts, bankrupt customers, names and addresses of shareholders and details of their holdings, dividends e.t.c

Practice:

Imagine you are the manager of your school’s tuck shop. You have been asked to make recommendations about whether to increase the stock of bread or biscuit

Writing a report based on other information

A rich business woman is thinking of investing her money into a business. After doing a survey and research on students in a nearby school just beside the woman proposed site for business, and after having found out the basic needs of the students, write a report on your observations from the survey and suggest why she should invest in the business you are recommending.

Writing a letter of advice

A friend is thinking of starting up a business. You can decide what sort of business, it could be an internet café, a small shop or a restaurant. Write a letter to your friend containing practical hints, words of encouragement and also perhaps some words or warnings and risks involved in starting such business.

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