Home Economics JSS1
Topic: HOUSING THE FAMILY
- Housing the Family
- Factors that influence the location and choice of Family Housing
- Functional areas in the Home
A. HOUSING THE FAMILY
Housing includes the many different types of shelter (houses) in which people live.
TYPES OF HOUSES
There are different types of houses in Nigeria, they are:
- Traditional types: These types of houses are still found in some of the rural areas
- Modern types: These houses are usually found in our towns and cities.
Traditional houses: These are made of red mud in unique style and shape. These houses are found mostly in the northern part of Nigeria.
- Bamboo trees: These houses come in different shapes and with that shed roof.
- The plain mud huts: These are made with very smooth mud. In the past, the roofs were made with shed but now iron sheets are being used for the roofs.
Modern types: Modern houses can be made from red bricks or cement block with iron sheet, aluminium or asbestos for roofing. They are usually designed to contain one family. They can be inform of:
- Storey Building: It can be designed to have two or more four flats or can be divided into four wings. Two storey building
- Single family houses: These are single housing units that are free standing. It is on its own without sharing walls with another housing unit e.g. Duplex
- The multi-storey houses: These can be designed to many flats.
ADVANTAGES OF SINGLE FAMILY HOUSES
- They offer more privacy
- They can be built or selected to meet the needs of the family
- No co-tenants to quarrel with or have issues with.
DISADVANTAGES OF SINGLE FAMILY HOUSES
- It is usually more expensive
- It requires more land
ADVANTAGES OF MULTIPLE FAMILY HOUSING
- Less land is used as compared to single family building
- They are often more affordable
- They are more readily available than the single family houses
DISADVANTAGES OF MULTIPLE FAMILY HOUSING
- They may not have enough space for storage and out-door activities
- Residents/ families may share spaces
- It may be noisy
- Co-tenants might have occasions to quarrel e.t.c
B. FACTORS THAT CAN INFLUENCE THE LOCATION AND CHOICE OF FAMILY HOUSING
- Economic factors
- Location of the houses (cities)
- Size of the family
- Family life cycle
- Special needs for family members
- Design of the house
- Ventilation and lightning e.t.c
C. FUNCTIONAL AREAS IN THE HOME
There are many rooms in a house and each room has its own use. The following are some of the functional areas in the house
- The sitting room: Is a room in a residential house for relaxing and socializing.
- The dining room: A dining room is a room for consuming food. In modern times it is usually adjacent to the kitchen for convenience in serving, although inmedieval times it was often on an entirely different floor level. Historically the dining room is furnished with a rather large dining table and a number of dining chairs; the most common shape is generally rectangular with two armed end chairs and an even number of un-armed side chairs along the long sides.
- The bedroom: A bedroom is a room where people sleep. A typical Western bedroom consists of a bed, closet, nightstand, desk, and dresser
- The kitchen: A kitchen is a room or part of a room used for cooking and food preparation. In the West, a modern residential kitchen is typically equipped with a stove, a sink with hot and cold running water, a refrigerator and kitchen cabinets arranged according to a modular design. Many households have a microwave oven, a dishwasher and other electric appliances. The main function of a kitchen is cooking or preparing food but it may also be used for dining, food storage, entertaining, dish-washing.
- The bathroom: A bathroom is a room for personal hygiene, generally containing a bathtub or a shower.
- The Toilet: A toilet is a sanitation fixture used primarily for the disposal of human urine and feces. They are often found in a small room referred to as a toilet, bathroom or lavatory. A toilet can be designed for people who prefer to sit (on a toilet pedestal) or for people who prefer to squat (over a squatting toilet).
- Laundry room: A laundry room (also called a utility room) is a room where clothes are washed. In a modern home, a laundry room would be equipped with an automatic washing machine and clothes dryer, and often a large basin, called a laundry tub, for hand-washing delicate articles of clothing such as sweaters, and an ironing board.
- Other functional areas in some houses are Garage – for parking cars, Swimming pool – for relaxing, Study room or Library – where you can study and where books are kept, Storage room – for storing material in the home.