Classwork Series and Exercises {Home Economics – JSS2}: Preparation for Child Birth

Home Economics JSS3

Week 4



How To Prepare For Child Birth

Arrival of the Baby

Post-natal Care

A. How To Prepare For Child Birth

It is very important that a pregnant or expectant mother prepares for the delivery well in advance. The following are the important things that are required by the mother:

For the Mother:

  1. Sanitary pads
  2. Personal clothing
  3. Toiletries
  4. Bed linen
  5. Disinfectant

For the Baby:

  1. Clothes
  2. Baby Diapers
  3. Towels
  4. Toiletries
  5. Baby’s comb
  6. Shawl
  7. Baby’s feeding units and  food

B. Arrival of the Baby

Arrival of the baby is the stage in pregnancy where the baby is about to be born, that is, the end of the third trimester. It is generally called Delivery.


Signs of labor are the indicators that the baby is ready to arrive. These include the following:

  1. There is strong movement at intervals in the stomach and pain in the waist of the woman. This is called Contraction.
  2. There is an appearance of  little blood and mucus
  3. There is fluid from the vagina
  4. These signs of labor are followed by delivery.

C. Post-Natal care

Post natal care is the care required by a mother and the child after child-birth. There are some minor problems that may occur to the mother after birth. Such as:

  1. After birth pains
  2. Difficulty in urination after child birth
  3. Breast pains
  4. Bleeding and some minor problems like a taste for a special diet

The newly born child still needs the regular attention of a doctor. The nursing mother is advised on two to take care of the baby

Important Points about Post-Natal Care

The nursing or lactating mother should:

  1. Feed very well
  2. Perform the right exercises regularly
  3. Have enough rest
  4. Keep clean always
  5. Give child necessary immunization at the right time

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