Lesson Note for First Term SS2

WEEK 1 CITIZENSHIP EDUCATION

WEEK 2 MEANING OF DUTIES AND OBLIGATIONS

WEEK 3 SKILLS NECESSARY FOR THE PRESENTATION OF OUR TRADITIONS, BELIEF AND CUSTOMS IN NIGERIA

WEEK 4 MEANING OF THE CONCEPTS OF NATIONAL CONSCIOUSNESS, NATIONAL INTEGRITY AND NATIONAL UNITY

WEEK 5 HOW TO PROMOTE NATIONAL CONSCIOUSNESS, NATIONAL INTEGRITY AND NATIONAL UNITY

WEEK 6 CAPITALIST DEMOCRACY

WEEK 7 HOW POLITICAL PARTIES COMPETE FOR POWER THROUGH ELECTION

WEEK 8 POVERTY AND ITS EFFECTS

WEEK 9 POLITICAL APATHY

WEEK 10 FORMS AND REASONS FOR POLITICAL APATHY

WEEK 11 WHY DO LEADERS REFUSE TO PROTECT THE INTEREST OF THEIR FOLLOWERS

Lesson note on civic education for SS 2 First Term

 

Below are the 2022 civic education lesson notes for SS 2  First term

Week 1

Topic: Citizenship Education

Content: 

  • Meaning of Citizenship Education
  • Importance of Citizenship Education

Meaning of Citizenship Education

This is the process of imparting the citizens with the knowledge of their rights, values and developing their skills and attitude towards the development and the affairs of their states.

Importance of Citizenship Education

The importance of citizenship cannot be overemphasized to Nigeria students. The following points below are the importance of citizenship:

  1. It’s an avenue for citizen to actually know where they belong and have a sense of belonging.
  2. The process of citizenship makes it possible for citizens to become a legal member of a state.
  3. Citizenship enables citizens to know the symbol of Nigeria’s unity and to work towards making Nigeria a united nation.
  4. The process of becoming a citizen helps to increase the nation population, therefore increasing the labour. To learn more, Click here.

Week 2

Topic: Meaning of Duties and Obligations

Content

  • Meaning of Duties and Obligations
  • Duties and Obligation of citizens to their communities e.g, Security, Obedience to rules and regulations, environmental sanitation

Duties and Obligations of Nigerian Citizens

A citizen is a legal member of a given state who possesses full constitutional, legal or natural rights in the state he or she resides. A citizen is “a person owing loyalty to and entitled by birth or naturalization to the protection of a state or union” (ibid.).

The rights of a citizen go with the responsibilities, wherever there is a right there is a corresponding duty.

Civic means, “of, relating to, or belonging to a city, a citizen, or citizenship, municipal or civil society” .

Responsibility refers to “the state or quality of being responsible or something for which one is responsible such as a duty, obligation or burden” (ibid.).  To learn more, Click here.

Week 3

Topic:  Skills Necessary for the presentation of our Tradition, Belief and Customs in Nigeria

Contents

  • Skills Necessary for the presentation of our Tradition, Belief and Customs in Nigeria
  • Factors that promote Tradition, Customs and Belief in Nigeria

SKILLS NECESSARY FOR THE PRESERVATION OF OUR TRADITIONS, CUSTOMS AND BELIEF IN NIGERIA

Skill acquisition is a specific form of learning. Skill acquisition refers to a form of prolonged learning about a family of events. Certain skills required to preserve the tradition, customs, and beliefs.

These are:

1. Language

2. Dressing

3. Cultural Artefacts.  To learn more, Click here.

Week 4

TOPIC- Meaning of the Concepts of National Consciousness, National Integrity and National Unity

Contents-  

  • National Consciousness
  • National Integrity
  • National Unity

National Consciousness

National consciousness refers to an active and emotional awareness of what is happening to one’s nation and how this affects one and the people around. National consciousness can also be defined as a set of opinions, feelings and beliefs shared by citizens of the same nation.

National Integrity

National integration is the awareness of a common identity amongst the citizens of a country. It means that though we belong to different tribes, religions and regions and speak different languages we recognize the fact that we are all one. This kind of integration is very important in the building of a strong and prosperous nation.  To learn more, Click here.

Week 5

Topic: How to Promote National Consciousness, National Integrity and National Unity

Contents-

  • How to Promote National Consciousness,National Integrity and National Unity
  • Factors that Prevent the promotion of National Consciousness,National Integrity and National Unity

How to Promote National Consciousness, National Integrity and National Unity

1. Formation of political parties with national outlook:

Political parties should assume national character. Parties should have their headquarters in the Federal capital. It must also accept people from all walks of life to be members.

2. Encouraging Nigerians to be patriotic:

The people must all feel as Nigerians with one destiny and one goal. They must have ‘we’ feeling.  To learn more, Click here.

Week 6

Topic: Capitalist Democracy

Content

  • Meaning and Definition of Capitalist Democracy
  • Characteristics of Capitalist Democracy
  • Political Parties – Definition and Characteristics

Meaning and Definition of Capitalist Democracy

Democracy

The origin of democracy can be traced to the city state of ancient Greece. The term is derived from the Greek “demokratia”, demos means “the people” while krates mean “rule” and the emergence of both Greek words evolves democracy as the people rule or government.

 To learn more, Click here.

Week 7

Topic: How Political Parties compete for power though Election

Content-

  • How Political Parties compete for power though Election
  • Functions of Political Parties

How Political Parties compete for power though Election

Different political parties compete for power during election in the following ways

1.  Lobbying members of the legislature and officeholders in the executive branch of the government, providing them with information and persuasive arguments in successful efforts to impact on their official decisions and actions. 

2. Forming political action committees which contribute money to the election campaigns of candidates for government office

3. Providing candidates with other kinds of political support,

4. Mobilizing letter-writing campaigns aimed at particular legislators or other government officeholders.  To learn more, Click here.

Week 8

Topic: Poverty and its Effects

Content-

  • Importance of Employment in alleviating poverty
  • Programmes of poverty alleviation
  • Factors that guarantee employment

 

Poverty is a state or condition in which a person or community lacks the financial resources and essentials to enjoy a minimum standard of life and well-being that’s considered acceptable in society.

Poverty is a difficult cycle to break, often passed from one generation to the next. Typical consequences of poverty include alcohol and substance abuse; less access to education; poor housing and living conditions and increased levels of disease. Heightened levels of poverty are likely to cause increased tensions in society as inequalities are realized. These issues often heighten crime rates in communities affected by poverty.  To learn more, Click here.

WEEK 9

Political Apathy

Content-

  • Meaning of Political Apathy
  • Forms of Political Apathy

The word apathy was formed from the ancient Greek word apathies which means lack of feelings, it is an attitude.

Political apathy can be defined as lack of interest in political activities; it is a state of non participation of citizens in the political process of their community, state or country. It is a situation where citizens exhibit carefree attitude to political issues by not participating in it.

Political apathy is the indifference on the part of any citizen of any country with regard to their attitude towards political activities. For example, political, elections, public opinions, civic responsibility, etc.

 To learn more, Click here.

Week 10

Topic – Forms and Reasons for Political Apathy

Contents

  • Forms and Reasons for Political Apathy
  • How to stop Political Apathy
  • Meaning of Re-calls

Forms and Reasons for Political Apathy

The following points below are the reasons why people fail to participate in political issues

  1. Bad Governance: The government of Nigeria for instance rules in a bad and carefree manner, their act does not motivate people thereby making people to ignore and nonchalant to political activities.
  2. Election Rigging: so many citizens belief that no matter the level of security election are going to be rigged either directly or indirectly thereby they see voting as a waste of time and energy.  To learn more, Click here.

Week 11

Topic – Why Leaders refuse to protect the interest of their followers

Contents

  • Why Leaders refuse to protect the interest of their followers
  • How to control leaders that fail to protect followers in their Communities

WHY LEADERS FAIL TO PROTECT THE INTEREST OF THEIR FOLLOWERS

1) Selfishness: It is a situation where a leader does not care about the needs of other people but about himself and things that will favour him.

2) Party Interest: This is a situation whereby the interest of the party is placed above the views of other people on an issue irrespective of the benefits of the popular view of the citizens.

3) Wrong Orientation: In developing countries like Nigeria, politics is seen as a quick way to success rather than avenue to serve people.  To learn more, Click here.