A lot of females experience pain during menstruation and they wonder why this happens. Read the notes below to find out why? Pain is usually normal during menstruation for most females.

Menstruation is a monthly occurrence for women in which the body sheds the lining of the uterus (womb), which is then passed through a small opening in the cervix and out through the vaginal canal. Some pain, cramping, and discomfort during menstrual periods is normal. 

Painful menstrual periods are periods in which a woman has crampy lower abdominal pain, sharp or aching pain that comes and goes, or possibly back pain.

Some pain during your period is normal, but a large amount of pain is not. The medical term for painful menstrual periods is Dysmenorrhea.

 Primary dysmenorrhea occurs in women who experience pain just before and during menstruation, but who are otherwise healthy. Women who have had normal periods that later become painful may have secondary dysmenorrhea.

Why Ladies Have Pain During Their Periods

1. When an egg is unfertilised, the womb’s lining isn’t needed any more. So, the body releases hormones called prostaglandins. They signal the muscles in the womb to contract. And these contractions push the lining out of the body, through the vagina.

2. Some people have bodies that don’t make many prostaglandins, so there wont be very strong contractions. Some girls – or females – don’t really have period bleeding, because their wombs absorb the lining.

3. What really causes pain is Prostaglandins. The more the prostaglandins, the more the pains. It makes our wombs contract harder and faster, causing aches and cramps. Because the muscles in the womb are strong enough to push out a baby, some women can experience severe pain – although most of us don’t have pain that’s this bad.

4. Different girls experience different levels of pain because of the different amounts of oxygen reaching our wombs as the lining breaks down. Or, simply because we all have different sensitivity to pain. What really matters is that periods are a natural part of being a female, and we all experience them our own way.

Read Also: For Girls: Is Your Period Late? 7 Reasons That May Be Responsible

5. If the uterus contracts too strongly, it can press against nearby blood vessels, cutting off the supply of oxygen to the muscle tissue of the uterus. Pain results when part of a muscle briefly loses its supply of oxygen.

6. If your period pain is bad, it needn’t mean there’s something ‘wrong’ with you – but you can treat the pain without stopping your period from ‘doing its thing’. In fact, treating severe period pain actually helps your body to work better, because it reduces stress levels, helps you sleep, and lets you enjoy exercise.