Lesson Note on Agricultural Science JSS1 Third Term

 

Third Term Scheme of Work for JSS1 Agricultural Science

WEEK 1 REVISION AND PEST CONTROL

WEEK 2 FACTORS OF PRODUCTION – LAND

WEEK 3 FACTORS OF PRODUCTION – LABOUR

WEEK 4 FACTORS OF PRODUCTION – CAPITAL

WEEK 5 FACTORS OF PRODUCTION – ENTREPRENEUR (FARM MANAGER)

WEEK 6&7 MID-TERM TEST AND EXCURSION

WEEK 8&9  FUNCTIONS AND PROBLEMS OF A FARM MANAGER

JSS1 Third Term Agricultural Science Lesson Note 

 

 Below are the 2022 Complete JSS1 Third Term Agricultural Science Lesson Note

Week 1

Topic: Pests of Crop Plants and Control

Effect of Economic importance of insect pests in crop production

  • They destroy crops by biting, chewing, piercing and defoliation activities
  • Reduction in farmer’s profit.
  • Some insects are disease carriers.
  • Increased rate of crop production
  • Reduction in the viability of stored produce
  • They can cause the total death of crops. To learn more, Click here

Week 2

Topic: Factors of Production

Meaning of Production

Production can be defined as the transformation of raw materials into finished goods. It is concerned with all legal activities which are directed towards the satisfaction of human wants.

Human wants are many, but they can be divided into material wants and non-material wants. The material wants are referred to as goods while the non-material wants are called services.

Production involves the conversion of raw materials and semi-finished goods into tangible goods that can satisfy the needs of the people. Examples of tangible goods are yam, rice, clothes, cars, radio etc.

Factors of Production can be defined as the basic resources or agents used for producing goods and services. Factors of production make it possible for goods to be produced in the required quantity and quality. To learn more, Click here

Week 3

TOPIC: Factors of Production – Labour

LABOUR: Labour is the mental or physical efforts of man which is directed toward the production of goods and services. Examples of labour are the work of farmers, carpenters, teachers, policemen etc.

Features of Labour

  • Labour is mobile i.e. can move from one location to another
  • Labour controls other factors of production
  • Labour has feelings
  • Labour requires motivation
  • Labour is not fixed
  • Labour is a human factor
  • The reward for Labour is WAGE. To learn more, Click here

Week 4

Topic: Factors of Production – Capital

CAPITAL: Capital is defined as the man-made assets used in production. It is the man-made wealth used in the production of other goods. The reward for capital is “INTEREST”. 

Capital as a factor of production includes all material resources (excluding land) or stock of wealth used productively. The meaning of Capital in economics is more precise and restricted than its meaning to a businessman or an accountant. The stock of money, shares in a company or a private hoard of consumer goods is not capital.

Capital is used in all products except the most primitive form. A spade is a capital of a market gardener. Machinery, factories, railways, roads, producers’ stock of material, equipment and partly finished or finished goods are all capital. To learn more, Click here

Week 5

Topic: Factors of Production – Entrepreneur (Farm Manager)

ENTREPRENEUR: The entrepreneur is the person who combines the all other factors of production. He coordinates and directs the factors of production to produce goods and services.

An entrepreneur is a person who organises the other factors and undertakes the risks and uncertainties involved in production. He hires the other three factors, brings them together, and organises and coordinates them so as to earn maximum profit. For example, Mr X who takes the risk of manufacturing television sets will be called an entrepreneur.

An entrepreneur acts as a boss and decides how the business shall run. He decides in what proportion factors should be combined. What and where he will produce and by what method? He is loosely identified as the owner, speculator, innovator or inventor and organiser of the business. Thus, entrepreneurship is a trait or quality owned by the entrepreneur. To learn more, Click here

Week 6 & 7

Week 6 – Mid Term Test

Week 7 – Excursion to a well-established farm.

Week 8 & 9

Topic: Functions and Problems of a Farm Manager

FARM MANAGERA farm manager is a person responsible for directing the farm’s affairs administratively and technically. A farm manager is responsible for the management and general maintenance of a farm. He supervises fertilizing, planting, spraying, cultivating and harvesting procedures of crops and oversees the general care of the animals and be diligent in the control of illnesses for livestock.


FUNCTIONS OF A FARM MANAGER

i) Evaluation: The farm manager judges the number of inputs in terms of labour and machinery that is needed on the farm.

ii) Marketing: He ensures that farm produce gets to the market and fetch a good price. He has to ensure the products are well stocked to the market in terms of packaging. He determines the quantity of produce to sell, at what price to sell, when to sell for maximum profit. To learn more, Click here