Literature in English Lesson Note for Third Term SS1 Scheme of Work






Lesson note on Literature in English for SS1 Third Term

Below are the 2022 Literature in English lesson notes for SS 1 Third term

Week 1

Topic: Figures of Speech


  1. Meaning of Figure of Speech
  2. Uses of figure of speech
  3. Kinds of figure of speech

Meaning of Figures of Speech

A figure of speech is a word or phrase that has a meaning different than its literal meaning. It can be a metaphor or simile that is designed to further explain a concept. Or, it can be a different way of pronouncing a word or phrase such as with alliteration to give further meaning or a different sound.

Figurative language is more effective and more vivid than ordinary or literary language.

Uses of Figures of speech

Figures of speech are used to perform the following:

  1. Create images, pictures.
  2. Lay emphasis on certain events.
  3. Satirize or ridicule bad occurrences. To learn more, Click here 

Week 2

Topic: Figures of Speech


Types of Figures of Speech

  1. Epigram : It is a brief statement that usually introduces an antithetical idea.  It closely resembles proverb. Examples: a. more haste; less speed. B. Know then thyself, presume not God to scan.
  2. Metonymy: It is the representation of an object by something closely associated with it. Example: a. Law and state b. The crown is supreme.
  3. Oxymoron: It is the placing side by side of two seemingly contradictory words. It is known as a shrunk paradox. Examples: a. what a sick health! B. He had a feather of lead.                                                    4. Antonomasia: This is a special form of figure of speech in which the name of a well known person, place or event is used to represent some quality which it epitomizes. Examples: He is a veritable Job. B. She is the Jezebel of our time.
  4. Consonance: It is the repetition of middle consonant sounds. It is also the agreement in sound between two stressed consonant in a line of a poem. Example: pitter patter, pitter patter, here comes the rain.
  5. Hyperbole:A far-fetched, over exaggerated description or sentence is called as hyperbole and is commonly used in jokes and making backhanded compliments. For example: When she smiles, her cheeks fall off.
  6. Assonance: Assonance is a repetition of the vowel sounds. Such a figure of speech is found most commonly in short sentences or verses.
    For example: And murmuring of innumerable bees. To learn more, Click here 

Week 3

Topic: The Old Man and the sea (Plot Overview)

The Old Man and the Sea is the story of an epic struggle between an old, seasoned fisherman and the greatest catch of his life. For eighty-four days, Santiago, an aged Cuban fisherman, has set out to sea and returned empty-handed. So conspicuously unlucky is he that the parents of his young, devoted apprentice and friend, Manolin, have forced the boy to leave the old man in order to fish in a more prosperous boat. Nevertheless, the boy continues to care for the old man upon his return each night. He helps the old man tote his gear to his ramshackle hut, secures food for him, and discusses the latest developments in American baseball, especially the trials of the old man’s hero, Joe DiMaggio. Santiago is confident that his unproductive streak will soon come to an end, and he resolves to sail out farther than usual the following day.

On the eighty-fifth day of his unlucky streak, Santiago does as promised, sailing his skiff far beyond the island’s shallow coastal waters and venturing into the Gulf Stream. He prepares his lines and drops them. At noon, a big fish, which he knows is a marlin, takes the bait that Santiago has placed one hundred fathoms deep in the waters. The old man expertly hooks the fish, but he cannot pull it in. Instead, the fish begins to pull the boat. To learn more, Click here 

Week 4

TopicAnalysis of Major Characters of “the old man and the sea” For previous note on this book;see

The old man of the novella’s title, Santiago is a Cuban fisherman who has had an extended run of bad luck. Despite his expertise, he has been unable to catch a fish for eighty-four days. He is humble, yet exhibits a justified pride in his abilities. His knowledge of the sea and its creatures, and of his craft, is unparalleled and helps him preserve a sense of hope regardless of circumstance. Throughout his life, Santiago has been presented with contests to test his strength and endurance. The marlin with which he struggles for three days represents his greatest challenge. Paradoxically, although Santiago ultimately loses the fish, the marlin is also his greatest victory.
The marlin
Santiago hooks the marlin, which we learn at the end of the novella measures eighteen feet, on the first afternoon of his fishing expedition. Because of the marlin’s great size, Santiago is unable to pull the fish in, and the two become engaged in a kind of tug-of-war that often seems more like an alliance than a struggle. The fishing line serves as a symbol of the fraternal connection Santiago feels with the fish. When the captured marlin is later destroyed by sharks, Santiago feels destroyed as well. Like Santiago, the marlin is implicitly compared to Christ. To learn more, Click here 

Week 5

Topic: Themes, motifs  and symbols of “the old man and the sea”


Themes are the fundamental and often universal ideas explored in a literary work.

The Honor in Struggle, Defeat & Death

From the very first paragraph, Santiago is characterized as someone struggling against defeat. He has gone eighty-four days without catching a fish—he will soon pass his own record of eighty-seven days. Almost as a reminder of Santiago’s struggle, the sail of his skiff resembles “the flag of permanent defeat.” But the old man refuses defeat at every turn: he resolves to sail out beyond the other fishermen to where the biggest fish promise to be. He lands the marlin, tying his record of eighty-seven days after a brutal three-day fight, and he continues to ward off sharks from stealing his prey, even though he knows the battle is useless. To learn more, Click here