SS1 Third Term Geography Lesson Note 

 Scheme of Work











SS1 Third Term Geography Lesson Note 


Below are the 2022 complete SS1 Third Term Geography Lesson Note

Week 1

TopicLand Reclamation

Meaning of Land Reclamation

Land reclamation, usually known as reclamation, and also known as landfill (not to be confused with a landfill), is the process of creating new land from ocean, riverbeds, or lake beds. The land reclaimed is known as reclamation ground or landfill.

Land reclamation refers to the process of repairing or restoring disturbed land to a useful state. Land reclamation is an important part of the construction, mining, forestry, and agricultural industries. When land is disturbed, it is sometimes necessary for it to undergo reclamation, not only to help the environment flourish, but so it can be of use once again to these industries. To learn more, Click here 

Week 2

Topic:  Geographic Information System

Geographic information system

A geographic information system (GIS) is a system designed to capture, store, manipulate, analyze, manage,  and present all types of spatial or geographical data.

The acronym GIS is sometimes used for geographical information science or geospatial information studies to refer to the academic discipline or career of working with geographic information systems and is a large domain within the broader academic discipline of Geoinformatics. What goes beyond a GIS is a spatial data infrastructure, a concept that has no such restrictive boundaries. In a general sense, the term describes any information system that integrates, stores, edits, analyzes, shares, and displays geographic information. GIS applications are tools that allow users to create interactive queries (user-created searches), analyze spatial information, edit data in maps, and present the results of all these operations. To learn more, Click here 

Week 3

Topic : Local Geography

Meaning of Geography

Geography (from Greek) geographic, which means. “earth description” is a field of science dedicated to the study of the lands, the features, the inhabitants, and the phenomena of Earth.


A town is a human settlement larger than a village but smaller than a city. The size definition of what constitutes a “town” varies considerably in different parts of the world.


A village is a clustered human settlement or community, larger than a hamlet but smaller than a town, with a population ranging from a few hundred to a few thousand. Though often located in rural areas, the term urban village is also applied to certain urban neighbourhoods.

Villages are normally permanent, with fixed dwellings; however, transient villages can occur. Further, the dwellings of a village are fairly close to one another, not scattered broadly over the landscape, as a dispersed settlement. To learn more, Click here 

Week 4

Topic: Nigeria

Chad and Cameroon in the east, and Niger in the north. Its coast in the south lies on the Gulf of Guinea in the Atlantic Ocean.

Present-day Nigeria has been the site of numerous kingdoms and tribal states for millennia. The modern state originated from British colonial rule beginning in the 19th century, and the merging of the Southern Nigeria Protectorate and Northern Nigeria Protectorate in 1914.

The British set up administrative and legal structures whilst practising indirect rule through traditional chiefdoms. Nigeria became a formally independent federation in 1960 and plunged into a civil war from 1967–1970. It has since alternated between democratically-elected civilian governments and military dictatorships, with its 2011 presidential elections being viewed as the first to be conducted reasonably freely and fairly. To learn more, Click here 

Week 5

Topic: Geography of Nigeria

Location of Nigeria

 Nigeria is located in western Africa on the Gulf of Guinea and has a total area of 923,768 km2 (356,669 sq mi), making it the world’s 32nd-largest country (after Tanzania). It is comparable in size to Venezuela and is about twice the size of the U.S. state of California. It shares a 4,047-kilometre (2,515 mi) border with Benin (773 km), Niger (1497 km), Chad (87 km), Cameroon (1690 km), and has a coastline of at least 853 km.[90] Nigeria lies between latitudes 4° and 14°N, and longitudes 2° and 15°E.

The highest point in Nigeria is Chappal Waddi at 2,419 m (7,936 ft). The main rivers are the Niger and the Benue, which converge and empty into the Niger Delta. This is one of the world’s largest river deltas and the location of a large area of Central African Mangroves. To learn more, Click here 

Week 6

Topic: States In Nigeria


  1. States in Nigeria
  2. Ethnic Group
  3. Languages in Nigeria
  4. Religions in Nigeria
  1. Anambra
  2. Enugu
  3. Akwa Ibom
  4. Adamawa
  5. Abia
  6. Bauchi
  7. Bayelsa To learn more, Click here 

Week 7

TopicMineral Resources In Nigeria and Location (1)

1. Resources in Abia State

The capital of Abia State is Umuahia. Main towns in Abia State include: Aba, Akwette, Bende, Afikpo and Arochukwu

Points of Interest:

  • National War Museum at Umuahia where the Nigerian civil war and inventions are displayed.
  • Aba – foremost electronics and indigenous technology city, Aba central Market
  • Akwette – Blue River Tourist Village, Uwana Beach Akwette is also famous for its unique weaving industry.
  • Agricultural Resources:  Yams, Cassava, Oil Palm, Rubber. To learn more, Click here 

Week 8

Topic: Mineral Resources In Nigeria And Location

1. Resources In Enugu State

The capital of Enugu state is  Enugu. The Main Towns are:  Abakaliki, Nsukka, Oji River.

Agricultural Resources:  Rice, Yam, Cashew Nuts, Cassava.

Natural Resources:  Coal, Lead, Limestone, Gypsum.

Points of Interest:  Miliken Hill, Nike Lake, Iva Valley Coal Mines. To learn more, Click here 

Week 9

Topic: Mineral Resources In Nigeria And Location (III)

1. Resources in Rivers State

The capital of Rivers state is Port Harcourt and the main towns are: Bonny, Bori, Ahoada, Town Brass, Buguma, Yenagoa, Abonema, Akassa, Okrika, Degema.

Natural Resources:  Crude Oil, Natural Gas

Agricultural Resources:  Oil Palm, Citrus fruits, Coconut, Banana, Cassava.

Points of Interest:  Isaac Boro Park – the zoo which has a wide variety of animals, Nigeria’s first petroleum refinery at Elesa Elema, Water Glass Boatyard.  Isaka Holiday Cruise Island, Oil well at Oloibiri.

The Riverine town of Bonny with the beautiful Finima Beach.  Monument of King Jaja of Opobo and the relics of the Akassa raid of 1859.  Slave transit hall at Akassa.  The Ogidi Shrine at Nembe.  The Onne Port. To learn more, Click here