Anatomy and Physiology

Anatomy refers to the form and structure of the body while physiology refers to the functions of the forms and parts of the body. Some of the systems which maintain the body include, circulatory system, reproductive, respiratory, nervous and digestive system.

Circulatory System

This system involves all the organs and tissues which are concurred with the movement of materials from one part of the body to another where they are either used or removed. These organs and tissues include the heart, the blood and the blood vessels.

  •   The Heart

The heart is one of the most powerful organs in the circulatory system. It helps to pump blood round the body. Each pumping action of the heart is known as heartbeat.

  •   The Blood

Blood is a fluid tissue. It is made up of two parts. The fluid plasma and the blood cells are corpuscles. There are three blood cells. These are erythrocytes (RBC), Leucocytes (WBC) and Thrombocytes (The blood platelets).

  •   The Blood Vessels

The blood vessels are the network of spaces in the body through which materials are moved from one part of the body to the other with the aid of blood. There are three types of blood vessels. These are the artery, the vein and capillaries.

B. Reproductive System

Reproduction is the ability of animals to give birth to young ones. The reproductive system includes all the organs and tissues concerned with reproduction in animals.

  Male reproductive system

The male reproductive system include the testes, somniferous tubules, scrotal SAC (Scrotum), Epididymis, uterus masculinus, Spermatic cord, uretha, cowper’s gland, seminal vesicle prostate glands and penis.

Read more below-