Meaning of Figures of Speech

A figure of speech is a word or phrase that has a meaning different than its literal meaning. It can be a metaphor or simile that is designed to further explain a concept. Or, it can be a different way of pronouncing a word or phrase such as with alliteration to give further meaning or a different sound.

Figurative language is more effective and more vivid   than ordinary or literary language.

Uses of Figures of speech

Figures of speech are used to perform the following:

  1. Create images, pictures.
  2. Lay emphasis on certain events.
  3. Satirize or ridicule bad occurrences.
  4. Decorate, overstate or exaggerate, and
  5. Make feelings properly appreciated.

Kinds of Figures of Speech

  1. Mixed metaphor:  It is the emerging of two metaphors. Examples: a. taking up arms against the sea of trouble. B. civilization kicked us in the face.
  2. Parallelism:  It  is a form of repetition used in order to reveal what has been said in a different form, all meaning the same thing. Example: a. ’How dull it is to pause, to make an end’
  3. Personification : It is defined as the transfer of the quality of animals and inanimate objects to human beings. Examples: a. confusion heard his voice b. Let the floods clap their hands.
  4. Paradox: It is a figure of speech in which truth is conveyed under the cloak of apparent contradiction. Example: The ripest fruit was saddest. B. For whosoever will save his life shall lose it.
  5. Epigram : It is a brief statement that usually introduces an antithetical idea. It closely resembles proverb. Examples: a. more haste; less speed. B. Know then thyself, presume not God to scan…

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