Lesson Note on Agricultural Science JSS3 Third Term
Third Term Scheme of Work for JSS3 Agricultural Science
WEEK 1 AGRICULTURE IN STOCK EXCHANGE
WEEK 2 EXPORT PROMOTION IN AGRICULTURE
WEEK 3 EXAMPLES OF NIGERIA’S EXPORT PRODUCE
WEEK 4 IMPORTANCE OF EXPORT PROMOTION
WEEK 5 PLANTING AND REARING ANIMALS
JSS3 Third Term Agricultural Science Lesson Note
Below are the 2022 Complete JSS3 Third Term Agricultural Science Lesson Note
TOPIC: AGRICULTURE IN STOCK EXCHANGE
MEANING OF STOCK EXCHANGE
A stock exchange is a corporation or mutual organization which provides trading facilities for stock brokers and traders to trade on stock and other securities. In simple terms, it is a market where shares. Stocks and other securities are bought and sold.
The securities traded on stock exchange include shares issued by the companies, units trust, derivatives, pooled investment products and bonds. To be able to trade a security on stock exchange, it has to be listed and approved by the stock exchange council which is the governing body of the stock exchange.
People Involved In Stock Exchange.
The buying and selling of securities in the stock exchange are handled by the following people. To learn more, Click here.
Topic: Export Promotion In Agriculture
Meaning of Export Promotion.
This refers to the collective programmes a country has to help organizations sell their products abroad.
In Nigeria, export promotion refers to programmes and activities put in place by the public and private sector to encourage the sales of Nigeria to produce on other countries. To learn more, Click here.
Topic: Examples of Nigeria’s Export Produce
Nigeria produces a wide range of agricultural products which can serve as raw material for industries in Europe, Asia and Latin America. Some of these agricultural commodities are cocoa, cotton, and palm produce. Soybean, rubber, hides, cashews, skins, cassava, coffee e.t.c.
Tree crops such as cocoa, rubber and cashew are produced in the southern part of the country while cereal crops and grain legumes such as maize, sorghum,cow-peas and groundnut are produced in the northern part of Nigeria, especially in the savanna belt of Nigeria.
Some examples of Nigeria’s export produce, where they are produced in Nigeria and their average annual production in metric tonnes are explained below:
- Cacao (Theobroma cacao): Cocoa is the second major non-oil foreign exchange earner to Nigeria, after leather, it is produced in sixteen states of the country. Annual production is about 400,000 metric tonnes and 98% of this is exported.
- Soybeans (Glycine Max): This is a grain of legume produced in the middle belt of Nigeria. Benue state is the second largest producer in Nigeria. It accounts for about 48% of the total national output of about 352,000 metric tonnes per annum. To learn more, Click here.
Topic: Importance of Export Promotion
Importance of Export Promotion
The following are the importance of export promotion:
Export promotion attracts foreign currency which can be used to buy items not available in Nigeria.
- It increases the income of farmers who produce the goods for export.
- It advises exporters on quality standard packaging, product design and adaptation.
- Export promotion attracts new investments both foreign and domestic, hence it helps to create employment in the country.
- It serves as a necessary tool for trade expansion which can empower a nation to acquire an economic and international reputation.
- Foreign exchange earning. To learn more, Click here.
Planting and cultivating crops involves a solid knowledge of local conditions and plant preferences. This topic covers the timing and specific steps to growing plants from seeds to harvest. Because urban farmers often have a very small growing area, it’s critical to schedule planting and care of crops to maximize harvest throughout the year.
Some urban agriculture takes place in greenhouses or nursery containers, and there are some potential advantages, including fewer concerns about soil contamination, and the ability to control temperature and other aspects of the growing environment.
METHODS OF PLANTING IN AGRICULTURE.
- Direct Seeding and Transplanting
The term direct seeding, also called direct sowing, is also used to refer to the planting of seeds or underground vegetative planting materials directly into the soil as in potato.
Transplanting, sometimes called replanting, is a method of planting that only requires the use of pre-grown plants, or seedlings, or vegetatively propagated clones for field planting. To learn more, Click here.