It is easy to fall into an incoherent rambling of emotions and sense when writing a descriptive essay. However, you must strive to present an organised and logical description if the reader is to come away from the essay with understanding of what it is you are attempting to describe

To describe a person: remember the name, appearance, habits, peculiarities and achievements

To describe an object: Remember the definition, exterior to interior parts, functions and aims.

To describe places: remember the name, location, size, special factors and landmarks

Narrative essays

When writing a narrative essay, one might think of it as telling story. These essays are often anecdotal, experiential, and personal allowing the student to express themselves in a creative and, quite often, moving way.

Here are some guidelines for writing a narrative essay.

If written as a story, the essay should include all the parts of a story. This means that you must include an introduction, plot, characters, setting, climax, and conclusion.

The essay should have a purpose.

The essay should be written from a clear point of view

The use of the first person pronoun “I” is welcomed. Do not abuse this guideline! Though it is welcomed, it is not for the lack of necessary not should it be overused for lack of clearer diction. As always! Be organised

Compare and contrast essay

In a compare and contrast essay, you write about the similarities and differences between two or more people, places, or things. You can organise the essay by writing about one subject first and then comparing it with the second subject. A more effective way is to organise the essay by comparing each subject by category.

Example: Write an essay comparing the weather in Lagos and London.

Sequence Essay

In a sequence essay, you are writing to describe a series of events or a process in some sort of order. Usually, this order is based on time. You organise the essay by writing about each step of the process in the order it occurred.


Question: Write an essay outlining the stages of the butterfly life cycle

Introduction: Describe what a pupa is like

Supporting paragraphs: Describe young butterflies

Describe adult butterfly

Describe what butterflies do to help pollination

Summary paragraph: summarise the main steps of the butterfly cycle

Choice essay need to choose which object, idea, or action