India is a country in South Asia. It is the Seventh-Largest country by area and second-largest by population and most populous democracy in the world. India is bordered by the countries of Bangladesh, Bhutan, Burma, China, Nepal, and Pakistan.

Fast Facts about India

1. The capital of India is New Delhi, and the country’s largest cities are Mumbai (formerly Bombay), Delhi, and Kolkata (formerly Calcutta).

2. The highest mountain in India is Kanchenjunga, standing at 8,598m (28,209 ft), which it shares with Nepal. Kanchenjunga is the third highest mountain in the world.

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3. Chess was invented in India. Also Algebra, Trigonometry and Calculus are studies, which originated in India.

4. India is the largest democracy (Government by the people, like the UK is) in the world, having about 1 billion human population.

5. Indian currency is called Rupee and it is illegal to take it (rupees) out of India.

6. Dancing is one of India’s most highly developed arts and was an integral part of worship in the inner shrines of every temple. It is notable for its expressive hand movements.

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7. The Indian flag has three horizontal bands of color: saffron for courage and sacrifice, white for truth and peace, and green for faith, fertility, and chivalry. An emblem of a wheel spinning used to be in the center of the white band, but when India gained independence, a Buddhist dharma chakra, or wheel of life, replaced the spinning wheel.

8. The official name of India is the Republic of India. The name “India” derives from the River Indus, which most likely is derived from the Sanskrit sindhu, meaning “river.” The official Sanskrit name of India is Bharat.

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9. The big six languages in India – Hindi, Bengali, Telugu, Marathi, Tamil and Urdu – are each spoken by more than 50 million people. However, the official language of India is Hindi, the most widely spoken language in India today.

10. The standard of school education is extremely poor in India, especially in the north zone. On an everyday basis, there is not any teaching session in 50 % the primary schools.