Home Economics JSS1

Week 1

Topic: SIMPLE SEWING TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT

Contents:

Simple Sewing tools

Types of Needles

Guidelines for Choosing Sewing tools and Equipment

A. SIMPLE SEWING TOOLS 

These are certain pieces of equipment that you require for sewing. These various simple sewing tools and equipment can be grouped according to their uses.

  1. Tools and equipment for measuring
  • Hem marker
  • Tape measure
  • Ruler

      2. Tools and equipment for marking and tracing

  • Tracing wheel
  • Tracing paper
  • Tailor’s chalk

     3. Tools and equipment for cutting

  • Scissors and shears
  • Stitch tipper

     4. Equipment for stitching

  • Dress maker’s pin
  • Pin-cushion and emery bag
  • Needles e.t.c

 B. TYPES OF NEEDLES

Needles are available in different sizes and types

  1. Sharp: This is for average length with small eye. Used mostly for hand sewing
  2. Between: A short one with a small eye
  3. Crewel and embroidery: These have eyes that are easy to thread. They are used for embroidery as the name implies
  4. Machine needles: Used only with the sewing machine
  5. Thimble
  6. Sewing machine
  7. Sewing thread

SEWING BAG OR BOX

This is special container used for packing the small sewing equipment tools, and aids such as thread, tailor’s chalk e.t.c when box is used, items should be orderly arranged in it. Sewing kit is a collection of small sewing tools and equipment properly arranged in a sewing box or bag

 C. GUIDELINES FOR CHOOSING SEWING TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT

  1. Choose tools and equipment with smooth edges to prevent snagging in fabric
  2. It should be accurate and easy to read
  3. Choose a tape measure that will not fray or stretch i.e plastic tape
  4. Choose marking equipment that will not leave permanent marks on the fabric
  5. Choose cutting equipment i.e scissors and shears that will not rust i.e stainless steel
  6. Choose equipment with good and durable handles e.t.c

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