Computer Science JSS3 First Term

Week 6

Topic: Computer Professionals

COMPUTER PROFESSIONALS

Computer professionals are those who deal with the computer industry to develop something. They may design, build, write or sell software. A computer professional is a person who works in the field of information technology. The definition has extended to those involved in the internet industry too.

A computer professional may be:

  1. A person working in the field of information technology
  2. A person who has undergone training in a computer-related field colleges, universities and computer institutes
  3. A person who has an extensive knowledge in the area of computing.

In today’s technology rich world, the demand for computer professionals is growing. The current ICT (Information and Communication Technology) workforce is approximately 6.7 million people. It predicts that ICT will be one of the fastest growing industries for the next several years. The computer industry offers many rewarding careers which often requires a unique combination of hand on skills, creative problem solving, understanding of the industry as a whole and your organization specific business needs.

FIELDS THAT REQUIRE COMPUTER PROFESSIONALS

  1. MANAGEMENT

 In this field, the role of computer professional (manager) includes directing the planning, research, development, evaluation and integration of technology. The jobs that are available and their functions in the management field are as follows:

  • CHIEF INFORMATION OFFICER (CIO) which directs the company’s information service and communication functions.
  • AN E-COMMERCE DIRECTOR: Supervises the development and executing of the internet or e-commerce system and also work with the company’s marketing division.
  • WIRELESS NETWORK ADMINISTRATORS: Install, configure and maintain the company’s network and internet system and identifies and resolves connectivity issues.
  • A PROJECT MANAGER: Oversees all assigned project, allocate resources select team and performs analysis and program task.
  1. SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT AND PROGRAMMING: The role of system developer and programmer includes analysis, designing, developing and implementing new information technology, maintaining and improving existing systems. The jobs available and programming fields are as follows.
  • COMPUTER PROGRAMMER: A computer programmer designs games and translate the design into a computer program, using an appropriate computer language such as visual Basic, Java, C#, F# and C+
  • COMPUTER SCIENTIST: A computer scientist is someone who makes research, invents and develops innovations and solutions to complex software requirement or problems.
  • DATABASE ANALYST: This is a person who models techniques and tools to analyse, tune and specify data usage within an application area.
  • SOFTWARE ENGINEER: A software engineer specifies, designs, implements, tests and documents high quality software in a variety of fields including robotics, operation system.
  • SYSTEM ANALYST: A system analyst works closely with users to analyse their requirements, designs and develops new information system, and incorporates new technologies.
  • SYSTEM PROGRAMMER: Installs and maintains operating system software, and provides technical support to the programming staff.
  • TECHNICAL LEADER: Guides the designer and the developer. He also serves as an interface between a programmer/developer and the management.
  • TECHNICAL WRITER: Works alongside the analyst, the programmer and the user to create system documentation and user materials.
  • WEB SOFTWARE DEVELOPER: Designs, implements and support web application, he also works with HTML, Ajax Java Script and multimedia.
  1. TECHNICAL SERVICES: The role of this professional includes evaluation and integration of new technologies, administering and organization of data resources and supporting the centralized computer operating system and server. The jobs available under the technical services are as follows:
  • COMPUTER TECHNICIANS: Install, maintain and repair hardware, upgrade and configures software and troubleshoot hardware problems
  • DATABASE ADMINISTRATOR: Creates and maintains the data dictionary and monitors database performances
  • DESKTOP PUBLISHER COMPOSITOR: Formats and combines text and graphics to produce publication ready materials.
  • GRAPHIC DESIGNER: Develops visual impression of products for advertisement and marketing materials
  • QUALITY ASSURANCE SPECIALIST: Reviews programs and documentation to ensure that they meet the organization’s standard.
  • STORAGE ADMINISTRATOR: Installs, maintains and upgrades storage system, also analyses organization’s storage needs.
  • WEB DESIGNERDesigns graphics contents using Photoshop, flash and multimedia
  • WEB ADMINISTRATOR: Maintains the organization’s website, create web pages, and oversees website performance.
  1. OPERATIONS: These include operating the centralized computer equipment and administering the network including data and voice communication. The following are the jobs available and their functions.
  • COMPUTER OPERATOR: Performs equipment related activities such as monitoring performance running jobs, keeping backups and restoring data.
  • DATA COMMUNICATION ANALYST: Installs and monitors communication equipment software and maintains internet WAN connections.
  1. TRAINING: The role of this computer professional includes training and teaching employees how to use components of the information system and answer specific user question. The jobs and job profiles available in this stage are:
  • CORPORATE TRAINER: Teaches employees how to use software, designs and develops system and program applications, and also performs other computer related activities.
  • COMPUTER INSTRUCTOR: Teaches students computer science and information technology skills.
  • HELP DESK SPECIALIST: Is a person who answers computer related questions over the telephone or in a chat room.
  1. SECURITY: This includes developing and enforcing policies that are designed to safeguard an organization’s data and information from unauthorized users. The following are the jobs available and the functions are:
  • CHIEF SECURITY OFFICER (CSO): Is responsible for the physical security of an organization’s property and the people n it. He is also in charge of securing computer resources.
  • COMPUTER SECURITY SPECIALIST: Is responsible for the security of data and information stored on computer and the mobile devices within an organization.
  • NETWORK SECURITY ADMINISTRATOR: Configures router, firewall and specifies web protocol and also interpret technologies.
  • SECURITY ADMINISTRATOR: Administers the network security access and monitors it. He also protects against unauthorized access.

CAREERS IN COMPUTER INDUSTRY

Now a day’s computer industry is the largest industry where jobs are created for thousand of people and primary business people and primary businesses which are computer related jobs. Examples are:

  1. General business and IT development
  2. Computer equipment field
  3. Computer software field
  4. Computer service and repair filed
  5. Computer sales
  6. Computer education and training field
  7. IT consultation.

CERTIFICATE: This is the process of verifying the technical knowledge of an individual who has demonstrated competence in a particular area, today there are more than 200 certificates available, such as.

  1. MICROSOFT CERTIFIED APPLICATION SPECIALIST
  2. MICROSOFT CERTIFIED APPLICATION PROFESSIONAL
  3. MICROSOFT CERTIFIED DESKTOP TECHNICIANS and so many more.

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