Home Economics JSS1

Week 7

Topic: THE HANDS AND FEET

Contents:

The Hands and Feet

Care of the Feet

Types of Shoes

A. THE HANDS AND FEET

Hands, fingers, nails and feet are exposed just as much as your face. These parts are seen by other people more than some other parts of the body. The procedure/care and treatment given to the hands and finger nails is called “manicure”. While the treatment and care given to the feet and toe nails is called “pedicure”. The treatment includes cutting and painting the toe nails and fingernails with nail vanish.

MANICURE SET

This is a collection of materials needed for treating the hands, feet, fingernails and toe nails. It usually consists of a pair of nail scissors, nail file, nail brushes, nail vanish, nail remover, cotton wool/balls e.t.c

To make your toe and finger-nails beautiful, using your manicure set do the following:

  1. Cut your nails short and shape them beautifully using the nail file
  2. Wash your hands and nails (including the tips) thoroughly and dry well
  3. Apply nail vanish neatly on the nails in two layers, allowing the first layer to dry before putting on the second layers leave your nails to dry in the air
  4. Old or already chipped vanish should be removed before the process is repeated at another time.

B. CARE OF THE HANDS AND FEET

i. CARE OF THE FEET

  1. Dry your feet daily and dry well especially between the toes anytime you get dirty
  2. Keep the toe-nails short
  3. Always keep your socks and stockings clean
  4. Do not wear shoes that are not your size e.t.c

ii. CARE OF HANDS AND FINGER-NAILS

  1. Wash your hand thoroughly when they are dirty and after using the toilet
  2. Rinse under running water and dry them properly
  3. Using a nail brush, scrub around and under the finger nails
  4. Keep your finger nails short and clean
  5. Do not bite your nails, cut them with a pair of scissors as nail biting can bring germs into the mouth

C. TYPES OF SHOES

There are different types of shoes. They are usually made of:

  1. Man-made leather
  2. Pure leather
  3. Rubber

CARE OF FOOTWEAR

  1. We wear shoes in order to protect our feet from dirt. However, for shoes to provide any comfort, they must be comfortable
  2. Your shoes should leave some spaces for your foot to expand, not pressing your toe tightly together
  3. Avoid wearing very high-heeled shoes. Remember that your feet can develop some foot problems if not well balanced always
  4. Choose low-heeled, comfortable shoes for daily use, sandals and open shoes, hot weather and covered high heeled shoes for special occasions

COMMON PROBLEMS OF THE FEET

  1. Corn: These are commonly caused by ill-fitting shoes. They form as small molds of dead hard and waxy skin
  2. Calluses: These appear as thickened areas of skin around the heel. They can be removed by scrubbing with pumice stone
  3. Athlete’s foot: If the feet is constantly wet, bacteria and fungi grow in the space between the toes and soles of the feet. The result in athlete’s foot.

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